A Foreigner’s Guide To Working In Spain
Before starting my own agency, http://www.javeaproperty.com, I worked in Spain for 15 years, and therefore know quite a bit about looking for jobs.Since Spain is one of the fastest recovering economies and the fourth largest in the European Union, it is usually a popular choice for many people looking to work abroad. However, with the unemployment rate still being high for unskilled people, you stand a better chance of finding a job if you are skilled. In fact, certain job sectors find it difficult to fill the highly skilled positions. To help the companies fill those highly skilled positions, the government maintains a list of shortage occupations in each Spanish region. It also makes it easy for companies to hire by allowing an expedited and less restrictive hiring process for foreigners.
A look at the Spain Job Sector
You have a high chance of getting a job in Spain in the medium to highly qualified positions in teaching, industrial, mechanical and production engineering, and computing. Business experts, medical practitioners and web and multi-media developers are also in high demand. Some of the fastest growing job sectors in Spain include agribusiness, accounting and finance, business management and marketing, information technology (IT), engineering, renewable energy and the creative sector.
To work in Spain, you will need to have some mastery of Spanish as it is a requirement for most job placements. Nevertheless, you can also find English-speaking jobs in Spain such as teaching English or in the tourism industry. To work in Spain, you do not need a work visa if you are from the EU. European Union members can live and work in Spain without restrictions. However, most non-EU members are required to have a work permit with some exceptions in the academics, close relatives joining family members who have worked for a year or more, and scientists working on special projects. Once you are in Spain, you will need a Foreigner’s Identity Card and Social Security to work.
A Look at the Spanish labour Laws
Before you can begin working, it is important that you have a clear understanding of the Spanish labour laws regarding the maximum number of working hours and rest time. The number of working hours you should work in a day is regulated by law, an agreement between the employer and worker’s organizations and by the contract. Nevertheless, the normal working hours of actual work should average 40 hours per week maximum calculated on an annual basis. The working hours should also not exceed nine per day unless there is a collective agreement that establishes a different distribution of daily working time.
In Spain, workers are entitled to have a minimum weekly rest time of one and half uninterrupted days. The common weekly rest period includes Sunday and on some occasions Saturday afternoon or Monday morning. Furthermore, workers are required to have a rest time of at least 12 hours between the working days. In cases where the duration of the working day exceeds six continuous hours, the worker is entitled to a rest period of at least 15 minutes.